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 Japanese Club Japan

 

The English name for the country 'Japan' derives from the Chinese pronunciation of the Japanese name, 日本. In Japanese it is pronounced Nippon and means "sun-origin", which is why Japan is often referred to as the "Land of the Rising Sun". 

 

 Location 

 

Japan is made up of 6,852 islands in the Pacific Ocean to the east of Asia. The main islands are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu. Because of where it is located at the junction of 4 tectonic plates, there are over 100 active volcanoes, tsunamis and regular earthquakes and the area is known as the 'Pacific Ring of Fire'.  


volcanoVolcanoes

The largest active volcano in Japan is Mount Aso (阿蘇山, Aso-san) on the island of Kyushu and it’s among the largest in the world. It’s peak is at 1592km above sea level and has one of the largest calderas (cauldron shaped crater) in the world at 24km wide. 

Learn more about the many volcanoes of Japan at Volcano Discovery

Earthquakes and Tsunamis

earthquakeEarthquakes are a part of everyday life in Japan. There have been nearly 400 earthquakes in Japan in the last year. Thats at least one a day!  

 

Earthquake Track - see when and where the latest earthquakes have been occuring in Japan!

 

The word 'tsunami' comes from the Japanese 津波, composed of the two kanji 津 (tsu) meaning "harbour" and 波 (nami), meaning "wave". Tsunamis are waves of water on the sea created by the shockwave of an earthquake. Large tsunamis can be tens of metres high, swamping coastal areas when they hit land.

  In the News

 

27th September 2014

The Mount Ontake eruption killed dozens of people - the first time since 1991 that anyone has died due to a volcanic eruption in Japan.
Read more...

 

11th March 2011

The massive magnitude 9 Tohoku earthquake shook northeastern Japan, unleashing a savage tsunami. More than 18,000 people were killed in the disaster, most by drowning due to the tsunami. Japan is still recovering from the disaster in which 300,000 people lost their homes and which also caused a meltdown and radioactive leaks at the Fukushima Nuclear power plant.
Read some amazing facts....

   
 

 Weather

 

weather

 

The climate of Japan is warmer and wetter than ours. In August, the temperature averages around 31*C, whereas, in the UK, the temperature averages 22*C. The most amount of rainfall in Japan was around 215mm but UK was 52mm.

 

 Population – 127.3 million 

   
 

 History

 

Here is a description of 4 periods of history in Japan from the 17th Century onwards.

The Sakakoku isolation period, a time when Japan fearful of Christianity and Western influence cut itself from the outside world for 200 years.

The Meiji period in which political systems changed as well as the start of a culture blend between the west and Japan.

The Imperial period was one of nationalism as Japan built up an Empire in South-East Asia. This is the one of the root causes of Japan’s troubled relationship with its neighbours such as China today.

The Post Second World War period is from 1950-present and consists of western and Japanese influences as Japan embraces technology and it becomes more and more urbanised and is now dealing with the problem of a low birth rate and a high percentage of older people.

 

Bomb1945: During the final stages of World War II the US dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. This was the first atomic bomb ever to have been dropped killing approximately 140,000 of Hiroshima's 350,000 population, at the time and later from radiation. Many have also suffered long-term sickness and disability. Three days later, the United States launched a second, bigger atomic bomb against the city of Nagasaki killing a further 74,000 and injuring many more. The Japanese were left with no choice but to surrender. 

 

 News Club News:

2011 Japanese Club Skype a Hiroshima survivor

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